Please the above file.
19,357,594 (July 2001
7,686,850 sq km (slightly smaller than the contiguous 48 US States)
Australia is located in southern hemisphere between
the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean
called Australia is on a continent which is also called
federal-state system recognizing the British monarch as sovereign
Official name is Commonwealth of Australia
Queen Elizabeth II is Queen of
Generally arid to
English and native
For each of the following nation builders create an Animoto that includes the name of the person their title and at least one other fact about them.
Queen Elizabeth II
The first Bahamian Governor General
The present Governor General
The Minister of Education
The Prime Minister
The Deputy Prime Minister
The Leader of the Opposition
Dame Albertha Isaacs
The Father of the Nation
The writer of the national anthem
The second Prime Minister of The Bahamas
Sir Etienne Dupuch
Minister of Roads and works
Dame Ivory Dumont
Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the box below.
_________________________is a group of people who join together to get something
done. Example, church, school, school club
Each area of government is the responsibility of a special department called a
Government decides on the rules that the people must obey. These rules are called
When a law is broken in our country, the facts-called __________________ is examined before a judge in a court of law.
A ___________________is a group of people who look at evidence to decide whether or not a person is guilty of a crime.
Some officers found in organization include the ________________,
_____________________, ____________________ and
We need government to _____________________________________
Governments are responsible for ________________________, ________________________,
____________________ and ____________________.
of Government :
in the blanks with the correct word from the box
This form of government has a sovereign or monarch as leader- this person may be a king or a queen , an emperor or an empress and the leader usually inherits the power to govern:
In this form of government the leader
(or head of state) is the President, who may or may not be elected by the
countries are left with no form of government this is called
type of government is ruled by one person, or a small clique and the leader is
called a dictator and holds power over the people by force backed by an army:
this type of government there are free elections, freedom of speech
and several political parties:
1. Explain two things that you should not do to the Bahamian Flag.
2. In what direction should the triangle on the flag be pointed?
3. What are the three colours in the Bahamian flag?
4. What do the colours in the flag represent?
5. Who is the director or the national youth choir?
6. Name two types of Bahamian music.
7. Who designed the Bahamian Flag?
8. Who designed the coat of arms?
9. What are some things that you should not do when the anthem is being sung?
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451. He was the son of a middle class Genoese weaver. He served his apprenticeship at sea and also at the loom. In 1476 he went to Portugal to join his younger brother Bartholomew in his mapmaking shop in Lisbon. He spent about nine years in Portugal where he refined both his mapmaking and navigational skills. In addition he married the daughter on one of Prince Henry's captains.
Like other sailors of his day, Columbus became engrossed with discovering a new route to the eastern countries. The existing trading routes being long, dangerous and expensive. The European Market for Eastern goods was increasing. However a group of merchants from Venice, Italy established a monopoly of the overland route. All traders had to sell their goods to the Venetian merchants who profited most from the spice trade. In addition the Turks who had established a vast empire across the trade routes of the Middle East also imposed and collected heavy duties and export taxes. Together these eroded the merchants' profits.
A sea route therefore, had great advantages, as it would break the Venetian monopoly and by-pass the Turks. These conditions gave Christopher Columbus a chance to explain his theories about the distance between Europe and Asia. He went to King John II, of Portugal to seek financial assistance for his exploratory voyage. However he was unsuccessful since the King had already financed a route around Africa. When Columbus approached him he was still awaiting news of his latest expedition.
In 1486 Columbus turned to Spain for assistance and in April 1492 Isabella Queen of Spain agreed to finance his voyage, arranging for him to receive 10,000 pesos and three ships for his expedition.
Click here for enlargement and credit
After ten weeks of preparation he set sail with a crew of ninety men. They sailed for several weeks before spotting a great flock of migratory birds. This led Columbus to change his course in order to follow them. About 2:00 a.m. on October 12 the lookout on board the Pinta saw land. At daybreak they landed on an island Columbus named San Salvador. It was called Guanahani by the natives. Columbus found the brown skinned Lucayan people very friendly but there was no sign of the gold he so eagerly desired. With the help of a few natives and the promise of gold and spices on bigger islands they sailed on to discover Cuba and Haiti. The Santa Maria ran aground in Hispaniola and Columbus decided to leave the crew in a fort named La Navidad with instructions to locate the gold mines reported there.
Not finding the much sought after `treasures of the far east' he returned to Spain carrying a few natives and small quantities of gold. Columbus' news gave Spain the opportunity to acquire an extensive empire. From that time on discovery and settlement went hand and hand.
Columbus was named Admiral of the Ocean Sea and became Viceroy of the West Indies. He made three additional voyages to the West Indies and discovered other islands including Trinidad and Jamaica. However he never achieved his initial objective of finding and alternative route to Asia.
After his second voyage Columbus' fame was badly tarnished due to the fact that he had left the colony at Hispaniola demoralized and in disarray. His attempt to restore order during his third voyage led to the hanging of several Spanish colonists. This voyage ended with Columbus and his brother being sent back to Spain in chains. On his release six weeks later he requested complete restoration of his rights, proprieties, titles and offices. This was a hopeless request as he and his brothers had mismanaged the government at Hispaniola before their arrest. Columbus, however retained his now empty titles of Viceroy and Admiral and the right to sendt out an agent in Ovando's fleet to collect monies owed to him.
Columbus was fifty-one years old at the start of his fourth and last voyage to the New World. Which lasted for a long time due to shipwreck and marronage. Upon his return to Spain he was not allowed to visit the King and Queen since they were not pleased with the report he had forwarded. Columbus died not long afterwards on May 20, 1506. He was about 55 years old and was survived by his two sons Don Diego and Ferdinand.
Columbus Primary, a government owned school located on Collins Avenue on the island of New Providence is named in his honour.